Definition of

Terms

Definition

approved facility

An entity that has applied for and received official approval from the CFIA to perform specific activities described in the program for which the approval has been granted

additional declaration
 A statement that is required by an importing country to be entered on a Phytosanitary Certificate and which provides specific additional information on a consignment in relation to regulated pests (ISPM No. 5)

audit
A systematic examination to determine whether activities and related results comply with the planned arrangements and whether these arrangements are implemented effectively and are suitable to achieve objectives (ISO 8402:1994)

bark-free wood
Wood from which all bark except ingrown bark around knots, and bark pockets between rings of annual growth has been removed (ISPM No. 5)

Canadian Lumber Standards Accreditation Board
The official body that monitors the quality of Canada's lumber grading and identification system and is responsible for the accreditation and supervision of lumber grading agencies

certificate
An official document which attests to the phytosanitary status of any consignment affected by phytosanitary regulations (ISPM No. 5)

certified wood packaging material
Wood packaging material produced in accordance with specified requirements. In Canada, the specified requirements are described under the Canadian Wood Packaging Certification Program

contaminating pest
A pest that is carried by a commodity and, in the case of plants and plant products, does not infest those plants or plant products. (ISPM No. 5)

corrective action
Action taken by an approved facility in order to correct an instance of non-compliance of a quality management system to ensure that specified standards are being met.

debarked wood
Wood that has been subjected to any process that result in the removal of bark. (Debarked wood is not necessarily bark-free wood) (ISPM No. 5)

dunnage
Wood packaging materials used to secure or support a commodity but which does not remain associated with the commodity (ISPM No. 5)

external audit
An objective appraisal of a specified program at an approved facility that is carried out by a CFIA Audit Team.

fumigation
Treatment with a chemical agent that reaches the commodity wholly or primarily in a gaseous state (ISPM No. 5)

heat treatment
The process in which a commodity is heated until it reaches a minimum temperature for a minimum period of time according to an official technical specification (ISPM No. 5)

heat treatment certificate
A certificate, attesting that the consignment for which it was issued was submitted to a specified heat treatment

infested
A pest is present in or on a thing or place or that the thing or place is so exposed to a pest that one can reasonably suspect that the pest is in or on the thing or place (Plant Protection Regulations)

infestation (of a commodity)
Presence in a commodity of a living pest of the plant or plant product concerned. Infestation includes infection. (ISPM No. 5)

Inspection
Official visual examination of plants, plant products or other regulated articles to determine if pests are present and/or to determine compliance with phytosanitary regulations (ISPM No. 5)

inspection audit
An systematic examination to determine if prescribed inspection procedures are being applied properly

internal audit
An independent and objective appraisal of a specified program at an approved facility that is carried out by or under the direction of the pest control manager.

International Plant Protection Convention
International Plant Protection Convention, as deposited in 1951 with FAO in Rome and as subsequently amended (ISPM No. 5)

International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures
An international standard adopted by the Conference of FAO, the Interim Commission on phytosanitary measures or the Commission on phytosanitary measures, established under the IPPC (ISPM No. 5)

kiln-drying
A process in which wood is dried in a closed chamber using heat and/or humidity control to achieve a required moisture content (ISPM No. 5)

lot
A number of units of a single commodity, identifiable by its homogeneity of composition, origin, etc. forming a part of a consignment (ISPM No. 5).

lumber
Wood sawn longitudinally, with or without its natural rounded surface, with or without bark (also known as sawn wood). (ISPM No. 5)

lumber grading agency
An entity which provides for inspection, certification and grade marking of lumber in accordance with specified requirements and which reviews its members compliance with specified requirements

mark
An official stamp or brand, internationally recognized, applied to a regulated article to attest to its phytosanitary status (ISPM No. 5)

National Plant Protection Organization
Official service established by a government to discharge the functions specified by the IPPC (ISPM No. 5). In Canada, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency is the National Plant Protection Organization

non-conformance
A failure to comply with a specified requirement

origin
The country or place where the thing was grown, raised, cultured or produced

packaging
Material used in supporting, protecting or carrying a commodity (ISPM No. 5)

pest
Any thing that is injurious or potentially injurious, whether directly or indirectly, to plants or to products or by-products of plants, and includes any plant prescribed as a pest (Plant Protection Regulations)

phytosanitary action
An official operation, such as inspection, testing, surveillance or treatment, undertaken to implement phytosanitary measures. (ISPM No. 5)

Phytosanitary Certificate (Canadian)
A document, issued by an inspector, that attests to the phytosanitary status of any thing exported from Canada and that:
(a) contains the information required by the Model Phytosanitary Certificate set out in the Annex to the International Plant Protection Convention approved by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Conference at its Twentieth Session in November 1979, as amended from time to time, and
(b) is signed by an inspector and sealed with an official Canadian Phytosanitary Certificate seal (Plant Protection Regulations).

Phytosanitary Certificate (foreign)
A document, issued by the government of the country of origin of a thing, that attests to the phytosanitary status of the thing and that:
(a) contains the information required by the Model Phytosanitary Certificate set out in the Annex to the International Plant Protection Convention approved by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Conference at its Twentieth Session in November 1979, as amended from time to time,
(b) is issued within 14 days before the thing is shipped to Canada, and
(c) is signed by an official of the country of origin who has been authorized by the government of that country to sign such certificates (Plant Protection Regulations)

phytosanitary certification
Use of phytosanitary procedures leading to the issue of a Phytosanitary Certificate (ISPM No. 5)

phytosanitary legislation
Basic laws granting legal authority to a National Plant Protection Organization from which phytosanitary regulations may be drafted ( (ISPM No. 5)

phytosanitary management systems
A systems approach that is used to direct and control an approved facility with regard to consistently meeting all the requirements of a specified plant protection program

phytosanitary measure
Any legislation, regulation or official procedure having the purpose to prevent the introduction and/or spread of quarantine pests, or to limit the economic impact of regulated non-quarantine pests (ISPM No. 5)

phytosanitary procedure
Any official method for implementing phytosanitary measures including the performance of inspections, tests, surveillance or treatments in connection with regulated pests. (ISPM No. 5)

phytosanitary regulation
Official rule to prevent the introduction and/or spread of quarantine pests, or to limit the economic impact of regulated non-quarantine pests, including establishment of procedures for phytosanitary certification ISPM No. 5)

processed wood material
Products that are a composite of wood constructed using glue, heat and pressure, or any combination thereof (ISPM No. 5)

quality management system
A method of operation that incorporates an organizational structure, procedures, processes (e.g. quality management system procedure, quality management system manual(s), quality control protocols, audit procedures, etc.) and resources, needed to implement quality management

quality management system manual
The complete documentation that describes the quality management system

quality management system procedure
A documented way to perform an activity usually containing the purpose and scope of that activity; indicating what shall be done and by whom; when, where and how it shall be done; what materials, equipment and documents shall be used and how it shall be controlled and recorded

quarantine application
Treatment, with methyl bromide, of a commodity, product, facility, or means of conveyance where the treatment is intended to prevent the spread of, or to control or eradicate, pests or quarantine significance and is required by the laws of an importing country as a condition of entry or by or under Canadian law  (Ozone Depleting Substances Regulations under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act)

quarantine area
An area within which a quarantine pest is present and is being officially controlled (ISPM No. 5)

quarantine pest
A pest of potential economic importance to the area endangered thereby and not yet present there, or present but not widely distributed and being officially controlled (ISPM No. 5)

reconditioned wood packaging
Wood packaging with an official mark in which a portion of the wood packaging has been replaced with new wood

regrouped certificate
A certificate issued when an aggregated consignment is based on numerous certificates, and lists individual certificate numbers (i.e., approved facility numbers, certificate numbers and dates) on the single certificate describing the aggregated consignment

regulated area
An area into which, within which and/or from which plants, plant products and other regulated articles are subjected to phytosanitary regulations or procedures in order to prevent the introduction and/or spread of quarantine pests or to limit the economic impact of regulated non-quarantine pests (ISPM No. 5)

regulated article
Any plant, plant product, storage place, packaging, conveyance, container, soil and any other organism, object or material capable of harbouring or spreading pests, deemed to require phytosanitary measures, particularly where international transportation is involved (ISPM No. 5)

regulated non-quarantine pest
A non-quarantine pest whose presence in plants for planting affects the intended use of those plants with an economically unacceptable impact and which is therefore regulated within the territory of importing contracted party (ISPM No. 5)

regulated pest
A quarantine pest or a regulated non-quarantine pest (ISPM No. 5)

service provider

An organization, company or person who has entered into an agreement with the CFIA to recommend participation of a facility in a program or activity and to review a facility's compliance with standards prescribed by the CFIA

surveillance inspection
Continual monitoring and verification of the status of an entity and analysis of records to ensure that specified requirements are being fulfilled (ISO 8402:1994)

systems approach(es)
The integration of different risk management measures, at least two of which act independently, and which cumulatively achieve the appropriate level of protection against regulated pests (ISPM No. 5)

systems inspection
A review of the organizational structure, procedures, processes and resources used in implementing a specific program in an approved facility

treatment
Official procedure for the killing, inactivation or removal of pests or for rendering pests infertile or for devitalization (ISPM No. 5)

treatment chamber (for heat treatment)
A closed structure used for heating a commodity until it reaches a minimum temperature for a minimum period of time

treatment schedule
The critical parameters of a treatment which need to be met to achieve the intended outcome (i.e. the killing, inactivation or removal of pests, or rendering pests infertile, or devitalization) at a stated efficacy (ISPM No. 5)

wood packaging material
Wood or wood products (excluding paper products) used in supporting, protecting or carrying a commodity (includes dunnage) (ISPM No. 5)

wood products
Includes lumber, logs, log homes, prefabricated home components and wood packaging and pallet kits
 

 

For more definitions, please refer to the CFIA website

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T. 613.521.6468 or 1.877.224.3555 F. 613.521.1835 or 866.375.1835
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